Exploring Subjectivism, Egoism and Hedonism

  1. Philosophical Terms
  2. Ethical Terms
  3. Subjectivism, Egoism, Hedonism

When exploring the world of philosophy, there are many concepts to consider. One of the most important and widely discussed is the triad of subjectivism, egoism, and hedonism. These three concepts are closely related, though not always interchangeable. Each idea has unique implications for how individuals interact with the world around them, from their own individual pursuits to their relationships with others. Subjectivism is the belief that truth is subjective and that reality is formed by individual perceptions.

It emphasizes individual experience and opinion, rather than collective truths. Egoism is the belief that individuals should pursue their own interests and desires, regardless of what is best for others. Finally, hedonism is the idea that pleasure should be one's primary goal in life. This article will explore these three concepts in greater depth, examining their implications and differences. Subjectivism, Egoism, and Hedonism are three philosophical terms that are closely related, yet distinctly different.

In order to understand their implications and how they might be applied in real life, it is important to explore each of these terms individually.


is the belief that truth and ethics are based upon an individual’s subjective experience and perspective. This means that each person has their own interpretation of what is right and wrong, and each individual has a unique set of values that should be respected by others. Subjectivism implies that while an individual’s beliefs and values are important, they should not be forced onto anyone else.

Egoism is the idea that self-interest should be the primary motivator for one’s actions. This means that an individual should act in their own best interest, even if it means disregarding the interests of others. Egoism is often seen as a selfish perspective because it prioritizes individual needs over those of others.


is the belief that pleasure is the highest good and should be pursued above all else.

This means that an individual should seek out pleasure and avoid pain whenever possible, regardless of the consequences for themselves or others. Hedonism does not necessarily imply selfishness, but it does suggest that pleasure should be prioritized over other considerations. While these three terms are distinct from one another, they do share some similarities. All three emphasize the importance of individual beliefs and experiences, and none of them advocate for any single set of values or beliefs being imposed upon others.

They also all suggest that self-interest should be taken into account when making decisions. Subjectivism, Egoism, and Hedonism can all be applied in various real-world scenarios. For example, someone who believes in subjectivism might choose to respect the beliefs of others even if they do not agree with them. A person who follows egoism might prioritize their own needs over those of others when making decisions.

And a hedonist might choose to take actions that bring them pleasure even if it might not be beneficial to others in the long run. Ultimately, each person must decide for themselves which ethical principles they find most important and how they will apply them in their everyday lives. The concepts of subjectivism, egoism, and hedonism can provide valuable insight into the ways that individuals can make decisions based on their own beliefs and experiences.

What is Egoism?

Egoism is an ethical theory that states that an individual's self-interest should always be the primary driving force of their actions. This means that the pursuit of personal gain and pleasure should take priority over other considerations, such as the interests of others or society as a whole.

The implications of this are that people should act in their own self-interest and do whatever will benefit them the most. At its most extreme, egoism can be interpreted as a form of selfishness, but it can also be seen as a form of rational self-interest. The idea is that if one is acting in their own best interest, then they are more likely to be successful and lead a more fulfilling life. However, it is important to note that egoism does not necessarily mean disregarding the interests of others, but rather prioritizing one's own interests over those of others. The concept of egoism has been discussed by philosophers since ancient times. It has been used to support various ethical theories, from utilitarianism to nihilism.

Regardless of how it is used, egoism emphasizes the importance of looking out for one’s own interests and striving for personal success and happiness.

What is Hedonism?

Hedonism is a philosophical school of thought that advocates pleasure as the ultimate good. It suggests that pleasure is the highest form of morality, and that all other values should be subordinate to it. According to hedonism, the pursuit of pleasure is not only desirable, but also obligatory. This means that any action, which leads to pleasure, is considered good and any action which leads to pain is considered bad. The implications of hedonism are far reaching.

It implies that individuals should prioritize their own pleasure above the needs of others. This means that people should make decisions and take actions based on what will bring them the most pleasure and satisfaction, regardless of how it may affect others. It also implies that people should not feel guilty or ashamed for pursuing pleasure over other values. Hedonism has been both praised and criticized throughout history. Its adherents argue that it encourages people to live life to the fullest and enjoy themselves, while its detractors contend that it can lead to selfishness and a disregard for others' feelings. Ultimately, whether one agrees with hedonism or not, it is an important school of thought in the field of ethics.

Its implications are still debated today, and its impact on society continues to be felt.

What is Subjectivism?

Subjectivism is a philosophical approach that holds that individuals are the ultimate determinants of truth and value. It states that reality is relative to the individual, and what one person considers true or valuable may not be the same as another person's. Subjectivism is closely related to relativism, which states that there is no absolute truth or values, and all judgments are relative to an individual's culture, experience, or context. Subjectivism implies that no objective standard exists for what is true and valuable. Instead, it suggests that each individual has his or her own unique perspective that should be respected and followed.

This can lead to a greater appreciation for diversity and different ways of thinking, as well as greater tolerance for differing opinions. It can also encourage individuals to take responsibility for their own beliefs and decisions. Subjectivism has both positive and negative implications. On the positive side, it allows individuals to express themselves freely without fear of being judged by others. On the other hand, it can lead to a lack of objectivity and an inability to judge situations objectively.

Additionally, it can lead to a disregard for facts and evidence in favor of personal opinion.

How Do Subjectivism, Egoism, and Hedonism Relate to Each Other?

Subjectivism, egoism, and hedonism are all ethical principles that emphasize the individual's perspective in determining right and wrong. Subjectivism holds that any given situation is subject to interpretation and its truth is dependent on one's perspective. Egoism is based on the principle of self-interest, that one should pursue their own personal gain without regard for others. Hedonism is the pursuit of pleasure and avoidance of pain as the primary motivator of behavior.

Subjectivism, egoism, and hedonism all have implications for how one's decisions should be made. Under subjectivism, the individual must take into account their own opinion or perspective in making decisions. Under egoism, the individual should consider their own self-interest in making decisions, regardless of the consequences for others. Finally, under hedonism, the individual should consider pleasure or comfort as the primary motivator for making decisions. The three principles are also related in that they all prioritize the individual over the collective.

Subjectivism emphasizes individual perspective over collective opinion, egoism encourages individual self-interest over collective good, and hedonism encourages individual pleasure over collective well-being. This emphasizes the importance of an individual's opinion and choices in making ethical decisions.

How Can Subjectivism, Egoism, and Hedonism Be Applied in Real Life?

Subjectivism, egoism, and hedonism are philosophical terms with practical implications. Subjectivism is the belief that one's own beliefs and opinions are the only ones that can be trusted and held as valid. In this way, it encourages the individual to pursue their own values, principles, and beliefs without worrying about the opinions of others.

Egoism is the belief that one's own interests and desires should take precedence over those of others. This can lead to people prioritizing their own interests over the interests of others in a selfish manner. Finally, hedonism is the belief that pleasure and enjoyment are the highest goals in life. This means that individuals should seek out experiences that bring joy and gratification, often at the expense of any long-term goals. These three concepts can be applied in various scenarios.

For example, subjectivism might be applied when an individual is considering a job change. The individual should think about what makes them happy and fulfills their own interests, regardless of what other people may think about their choices. Egoism could be applied when an individual is deciding which activities to prioritize during their free time. They should be aware of their own wants and needs and make decisions accordingly, even if it means neglecting obligations to others.

Hedonism could be applied when an individual is deciding how to spend a weekend. They should focus on what brings them joy and pleasure, such as going out for dinner or attending a concert. In summary, subjectivism, egoism, and hedonism can be used to inform our decision-making process in various scenarios. By recognizing our own values, desires, and goals, we can make decisions that are best suited to our own needs while still being mindful of the needs of others. In conclusion, subjectivism, egoism, and hedonism are three interrelated philosophical concepts that can help us make more informed decisions in our daily lives. Subjectivism highlights the importance of personal perspectives, egoism emphasizes the importance of our own interests, and hedonism proposes that pleasure is the ultimate goal.

By understanding the definitions and implications of these three ethical theories, we can gain a greater understanding of how to approach morality and make more informed decisions.